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Hortus Musicus
Artistic director Andres Mustonen

RWill be released on July 13th, 2019

1 Walther von der Vogelweide Palänstinalied 3:36
2 Anonymous Deus miserere 4:52
3 Anonymous Polorum regina 2:33
4 Neidhart von Reuenthal Winder wie ist nu dein kraft 3:13
5 Anonymous La quinte estampie real 1:55
6 Anonymous Como poden per sas culpas 4:02
7 Neidhart von Reuenthal Owê dirre sumerzīt 2:20
8 Anonymous Stella splendens 3:23
9 Anonymous Chanconeta Tedescha 2:25
10 Traditional Arab melodies Lamma bada 4:37
11 Kharwat habibi 3:45
12 Anonymous Istampitta La Belicha 7:03
13 Traditional Jewish melodies Uri tsafon 1:42
14 Adon haselihot 2:45
15 Az yashir Moshe 4:15
16 Samaitani chalaitani 3:42
17 Reyah hadas 4:18
18 Ma navu al heharim 3:07

player #2, Deus miserere. fragm, 2 min 47 sec, mp3, 320 Kbps
player #17, Reyah hadas, fragm, 2 min 40 sec, mp3, 320 Kbps

Total time 65:36

The CD titled canto:) is not trying to be an anthological overview of Italian music from the 16th and 17th centuries. It is rather a walk through the streets of Italian cities of the time, sometimes passing by a church, sometimes slipping into tavernas or listening to sounds coming from the open windows of the doge’s palazzo... This album lacks the puritanical-musicological ambition to remove a layer of dust from the yellowed manuscripts lying on archive shelves. The uninhibited performance of Hortus Musicus − that is LIFE, our life itself.

Andres Mustonen, artistic director of Hortus Musicus


Human voice was the most important musical instrument in the Middle Ages. Every great instrumentalist tried to imitate singing and most of the music played was originally composed for voice. However, dance music was an exception. Instrumental music that has reached us, forms a microscopic part of music from the Middle Ages.
During the Renaissance, pure instrumental music that was written especially for musical instruments and meant to be performed on them (different dances, preludes, ricercars) started to demand an equal place next to vocal music. Polyphonic ensemble music, where specific instruments didn’t have fixed parts, became more and more popular. The regard towards written texts was relaxed and musicians were able to experiment within the frames of existing possibilities. Musicians nowadays have similar opportunities and challenges when performing music from these times.
Since the beginning of the Renaissance, Italy started to play a more important role in musical life in Europe. Leading composers were the Franco-Flemish School, many of whom had studied or worked in Italy − Guillaume Du Fay, Jacob Obrecht, Josquin des Prez and Orlande de Lassus.
Printing music started in the 16th century in Italy. One of the most notable composers of the century, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina lived in Rome, Andrea and Giovanni Gabrieli worked in Venice. At the end of the century, the Florentine Camerata – Jacopo Peri, Giulio Caccini, Vincenzo Galilei and others − laid the foundations for the musical aesthetics of the new era. Characteristics of the Baroque period − basso continuo and opera − were born in Italy. Prominent composer of the time was probably one of the greatest minds in music history, maestro di capella at the basilica of San Marco in Venice, Claudio Monteverdi. Italy was the dominant music force in Europe during the Baroque period, italian musicians were highly esteemed and every self-respecting composer had studied there.
Hortus Musicus has worked with Italian music from the 16th and 17th century for over 45 years, since the beginning of the ensemble. The music of Monteverdi and his contemporaries that can be heard on this album, has constantly been represented in their different concert programmes, proving that music from these times is an endless treasury, that can offer great pleasure even nowadays, centuries later.

Ensemble Hortus Musicus:
Andres Mustonen − violin, artistic director
Anto Õnnis − tenor, percussion
Tõnis Kaumann − baritone, percussion
Riho Ridbeck − bass, percussion
Olev Ainomäe − shawms, recorders, rauschpfeife
Tõnis Kuurme − curtal, rauschpfeife, recorders
Valter Jürgenson − trombones
Imre Eenma − viola da gamba
Taavo Remmel − double bass
Ivo Sillamaa − positive organ, harpsichord

Booklet in Estonian and English

Recorded on Oct 21th and 22nd, 2018 in Estonia Concert Hall, Tallinn
Sound engineer Siim Mäesalu
Assistant sound engineer Algis Pauljukaitis
Liner notes by Robert Staak and Kaisa Luik
Photos by Jaan Krivel and
Designed by Daan Bos
Artistic producer − Peeter Vähi

Press resonance

Special thanks: Mattias Mustonen

© 2018 Eesti Kontsert

Worldwide distribution by Note 1 Music (Carl-Benz-Straße 1, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany, phone +49 6221 720351, fax +49 6221 720381, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , www.note-1.de) and amazon.com
Distribution in North America by Naxos USA
Distribution in Estonia by Eesti Kontsert (www.concert.ee) and Easy-Living Music ( This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , phone +372 51 06058)

Other recordings of Hortus Musicus: Gregorianische Choräle − Plainchants, Maypole, 1200–1600 Medieval-Renaissance, Vuestros Amores He Señora, Telemann. Quartets, Early Music of 3rd Millennium, 2000 Years After The Birth Of Christ, To His Highness Salvador D, Ave..., Jerusalem